Norilsk living and dead forests told about why the climate is changing faster in the Russian Arctic06.10.2020
A researchers international team studied hundreds of living and dead trees near Norilsk to find out how the region aggressive industrialization affects one of the world’s largest biomes — Northern or boreal forests. Norilsk is one of the most polluted cities in the world. The championship is held by Chinese cities, Norilsk is not far behind. In 2018, the Norilsk industry released 1,805,200 pollutants into the environment, and in Norilsk 98% of sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution, that occurred in the Krasnoyarsk territory. And so it was for many years, until this spring in Norilsk there was a diesel fuel leaking (21 tons of diesel spilled). Norilsk Nickel tried to hide the disaster, which caused a wave of criticism, including in foreign media. So scientists turned their eyes to Norilsk and probably got the answer to the question of why the climate in the Russian part of the Arctic is changing faster than in other places.
Environmental pollution in the Arctic is formed from several parts. One of them is pollution rising from lower latitudes. Such pollution is generally about the same in all parts of the Arctic, possibly except when major fires or disasters occur. But there is also local pollution, which is caused by enterprises operating in the Arctic. Norilsk Nickel, which was built in Soviet times, when the ecology concept was very conditional, not only poisons water and soil, as it was, for example, with the diesel fuel leaking, but also releases polluting fractions, that prevent the sun from passing to the earth and at the same time create a greenhouse effect on the earth’s surface. The climate is getting warmer, but the trees don’t start waking up earlier to start processing carbon dioxide and normalizing the carbon cycle. An important indicator for the life of trees is not only the ambient temperature, but also the sunlight amount. Without sufficient lighting, the trees will not wake up after winter and the atmosphere will continue to be poisoned.
Yes, the Norilsk Nickel activity literally warms up the Arctic, but this is not the Paradise heat, it is Hellfire heat, in which the entire planet will start to burn, if you do not radically reduce the emissions of mining enterprises operating in the Arctic.