Taimyr quotas for fishing and the Enets, heirs of Mangazeya01.12.2019
The time is approaching when quotas for fishing will be determined for representatives of Taimyr indigenous peoples: Nganasans, Enets, Nenets, Dolgans and Evenks. Quotas are determined once a year and at the beginning of 2019 they had to be revised. Since January 2019, main fish types to catch indigenous peoples were banned for fishing: muksun, nelma and Arctic omul. In order to switch to other fish types, i.e. chir, whitefish, pike or peled, it is necessary to assess their stocks and accept quotas for catch.
The indigenous peoples population that lived on the Taimyr here from time immemorial before the arrival of the Russians belong to the Samoyed group of the Ural-Yukaghir language family. These are Nganasans, Enets and Nenets. The Enets are the smallest Taimyr indigenous people. There were only 200 of them left and they were able to preserve their language, culture and customs. As I have already written, the smallpox epidemic has greatly reduced the Enets number, just as it has reduced the number of other representatives of the Arctic small indigenous peoples — the Chuvans. By the way, the first Russian polar city — Mangazeya-was built on the Enets lands.
The main occupation of the indigenous population has always been reindeer husbandry. But fishing is the only occupation and source of existence of the population majority living on the local reservoirs sides and the Yenisei river banks. And the local reservoir for the Taimyr is lake Taimyr — the northernmost of the large lakes, the second largest by area after lake Baikal in the Asian part of Russia. And over the past 10 years, the limit of fish production has decreased significantly.